Neurosurgeon Job Description

Neurosurgeon performing brain surgery.  Neurosurgeons correct disease and injury of the brain and spinal column using surgery and various procedures.

Neurosurgeon performing brain surgery.  Neurosurgeons correct disease and injury of the brain and spinal column using surgery and various procedures.

The Neurosurgeon is a super specialized surgeon dealing with the surgeries of the nervous system, spine and the brain. Their job description is different from other doctors. Neurosurgeons are physicians who specialize in correcting neurological problems through surgery. These can include back surgeries, removing brain tumors and other specialized neurological procedures.

Neurosurgeons work in a variety of practice settings. Some neurosurgeons practice general neurosurgery, while others choose to limit their practice to specific subspecialties. Some areas of specialty include pediatric, spine, vascular/endovascular, tumor, peripheral nerve, functional, and skull base.

Practices range from solo practices to large group practices with multidisciplinary components. Increasingly, neurosurgeons are working together with psychiatrists, neurologists and therapists to provide comprehensive care for patients with neurological disorders such as back pain. About 20 percent of neurosurgeons practice under the auspices of a university practice plan, while the majority of neurosurgeons maintain private practices often with academic affiliations.

Physicians and surgeons serve a fundamental role in our society and have an effect upon all our lives. They diagnose illnesses and prescribe and administer treatment for people suffering from injury or disease. Physicians examine patients, obtain medical histories, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They counsel patients on diet, hygiene, and preventive health care.

Working Environment

Working conditions are usually pleasant with the work environment being indoors in well lighted exam rooms and hospitals. Hours of work frequently exceed 60 hours a week in the busier practices. This typically can result in being awakened at all hours of the night and/or being asked to come in at irregular times to evaluate a patient.


Education and Training

Formal education and training requirements for physicians are among the most demanding of any occupation—4 years of undergraduate school, 4 years of medical school, and 3 to 8 years of internship and residency, depending on the specialty selected. A few medical schools offer combined undergraduate and medical school programs that last 6 rather than the customary 8 years.

Premedical students must complete undergraduate work in physics, biology, mathematics, English, and inorganic and organic chemistry. Students also take courses in the humanities and the social sciences. Some students volunteer at local hospitals or clinics to gain practical experience in the health professions.

Licensing and Credentialing

In all 50 states and the U.S. Territories Physicians are regulated. The usual method to be a credentialed and licensed family or general physician is:
1) Possess the amount of training and/or a degree from an accredited school of medicine or osteopathy
2) Complete an accredited program of neurosurgery
3) Pass a national exam
4) Apply for licensure in the state you wish to practice in.




Important Points for Neurosurgeon job description

Many physicians and surgeons work long, irregular hours; over one-third of full-time physicians worked 60 or more hours a week according to surveys.

Formal education and training requirements are among the most demanding of any occupation.

Neurosurgeons are among the highest paid physicians in the U.S.

New physicians are much less likely to enter solo practice and more likely to work in group medical practices, clinics, hospitals, or health networks.

Resources for Neurosurgeons Job Description:

Neurosurgeons (Physicians and Surgeons) Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

American Association of Neurological Surgeons 


› Neurosurgeon

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