Anesthesiologist Job Description

Anesthesiologist administers anesthesia to patient during surgery

Anesthesiologist administers anesthesia to patient during surgery

Anaesthesiologist Job Description:  To become an Anaesthesiologist, one has to become a physician first and then an anesthesiologist. They  focus on the care of surgical patients and pain relief.

Like other physicians, they evaluate and treat patients and direct the efforts of those on their staffs. They confer with other physicians and surgeons about appropriate treatments and procedures before, during, and after operations.

These critical care specialists are responsible for maintenance of the patient’s vital life functions—heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, breathing—through continual monitoring and assessment during surgery. They often work outside of the operating room, providing pain relief in the intensive care unit, during labor and delivery, and for those who suffer from chronic pain.

Basically they care for a patient before, during and immediately following a surgical or medical procedure by administering appropriate anesthesia. They also monitoring the patient for reactions and complications, and to ensure comfort and manage pain.

Typical working conditions for Anaesthesiologist

Working conditions and hours are variable. Anaesthesiologists are often on call for all hours of the day. The usual work setting is in a hospital or outpatient clinic. some cases can last for several hours during which the anesthesiologist must continue to monitor and provide support for the patient. In extreme cases they can work over 80 hours per week. The work environment is indoors with temperatures in the operating room kept cool. 

Training and Qualifications

The requirements for the anesthesiologist job description include formal education and training requirements. These are among the most demanding of any occupation—4 years of undergraduate school, 4 years of medical school, and 3 to 8 years of internship and residency, depending on the specialty selected. A few medical schools offer combined undergraduate and medical school programs that last 6 rather than the customary 8 years.

Premedical students must complete undergraduate work in physics, biology, mathematics, English, and inorganic and organic chemistry. Students also take courses in the humanities and the social sciences. Some students volunteer at local hospitals or clinics to gain practical experience in the health professions.

All future anesthesiologists need to attend a four-year undergraduate program and most will enroll in a pre-medicine or another science-concentrated program, though it is not required. Following graduation, prospective anesthesiologists are required to attend four years of medical school where they generally spend the first two years building on basic sciences and the second two in clinical training.

Additional Anesthesiologist Training

Upon graduation they have to spend one year in an internship and three more years in a residency program. There are more than 160 anesthesiology medical residency programs throughout US and Canada.

Some anesthesiologists may participate in an additional one-year fellowship if there is an interest in practicing in a specific area of anesthesiology, such as critical care medicine, pain medicine, research or education.

Licensing and Credentialing

In all 50 states and the U.S. Territories Anaesthesiologists are regulated. The usual method to be a credentialed and licensed anesthesiologist is:
1) Possess the amount of training and/or a degree from an accredited school of medicine or osteopathy
2)Complete an accredited program of anesthesiology 
3) Pass a national exam 
4) Apply for licensure in the state you wish to practice in.

During residency training, anesthesiologists work toward obtaining certification from the American Society of Anesthesiologists or the American Board of Anesthesiology.

Points to consider

Anaesthesiologists must be licensed, requiring 4 years of undergraduate education, completion of a 4-year Medical or Osteopathic college course, residency and an Anesthesiology program.

Employment is expected to increase faster than average as aging boomers and rapidly expanding healthcare needs drive up the demand for healthcare overall.

Job prospects should be good; establishing a new practice will be easiest in areas with a low concentration of Anaesthesiologists.

As with other types of independent practice, earnings for Anaesthesiologists are relatively low in the beginning, but increase as the practice grows.

The management of a Anesthesiology practice requires the same skills as for a small business; accounts receivable, hiring employees, and business overhead are just a few of the many details that will have to be dealt with. Most physicians hire an office manager to run the daily operations and to run the business part of their practice.

Career progress

The majority of Anaesthesiologists are engaged in private practice. Unless they work for a major corporation or form a group practice promotions and advancement will be limited. Income is based on the number of patients they can see in a day. Increases in salary will come from raising their fees and/or passing on rising costs to the consumer. For those who are employed advancement will vary depending on the size of the organization.

Resources for Anesthesiologist Job Description:

Anaesthesiologist Job Description Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

American Society of Anaesthesiologist


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